Patellar Luxation Part 1: Pathoanatomy, Diagnostic Tips and Client Education
This lecture begins with a discussion of what determines whether the patella tracks normally or it luxates. Understanding of this relevant pathoanatomy guides the veterinarian in their diagnostic methods, client education, case selection, and surgical techniques. Diagnostic tips include a discussion of breeds at risk for medial patellar luxation (MPL) vs. lateral patellar luxation (LPL), gait patterns typical of MPL and LPL, the importance of the standing examination and hip extension, video demonstration of cruciate ligament evaluation and common radiographic errors that can be avoided. This module concludes with a discussion of evidence-based answers to questions commonly asked by pet owners. After attending this lecture, attendees will be better able to understand and diagnose patellar luxation (including the difficult cases) and to educate pet owners with regard to their commonly asked questions.